Overview of Jackson, MS
Jackson, MS is often referred to as the City of Jackson. The city is the capital of the state of Mississippi and is also the most populous city within it. The City of Jackson also serves as one of the seats of Hinds County.
In 2017, it was estimated that Jackson has about 165,072 residents. This city is along the Pearl River and on the greater Jackson Prairie. Jackson City was once inhabited by an Indian tribe known as Choctaw. These indigenous people were Muskogean-speaking and were present centuries before the area was visited by the Europeans.
The area which is now referred to as Jackson was later laid claim to by the USA under the Treaty of Doak’s Stand in the year 1820. It was said that a white man took the land where the Native Americans resided. After the ratification of this treaty, European-Americans began to take hold of the area and terrorized the remaining Choctaw inhabited lands.
The United States government pressured the Choctaw to move after 1830. The removal was bound by a number of treaties. A majority of the inhabitants transferred to what is called Indian Territory which is known today as the state of Oklahoma. Meanwhile, a large number of natives remained under what is known as Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. These people surrendered their tribal affiliation and became U.S. citizens at that time. Today, Choctaw Mississippi Native Americans are members of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. The largest number of Choctaw Indians is located northeast of Jackson.
The first ever European-American who called Jackson his home was Louis LeFleur. He was a Canadian with French origins. The first village here was called LeFleur’s Bluff. The area as developed after being selected as the location of the new state’s capital. The General Assembly approved an act on November 28, 1821 making LeFleur’s Bluff as the seat of Mississippi. The city of Jackson was named after General Andrew Jackson, in honor of his victory at the war of 1812 during the Battle of New. Jackson eventually became the seventh president of the US.
During the time of the Civil War, Jackson prospered by becoming an important center in the manufacture of products for the Confederate. The military campaign ended in the seizure of Vicksburg, the city was seized by Union forces resulting in two battles: before and after Vicksburg fell. Union forces, under General William Tecumseh Sherman, sieged Jackson and burned it to the ground.
The economic recovery of Jackson from the Civil War had a slow and rough start. There were developments in transportation from mule carts to electric street carts in 1899. The economy was further improved in 1930 after the discovery of natural gas fields. There were 14 derricks in Jackson that were constructed in that year alone.
Jackson also became known as the leader in medical services in the state. It is also the home of leading record companies for soul music, gospel and blues. Jackson’s slogan is “The City with Soul” because it has produced prominent musicians and musical performers in folk, jazz, gospel and blues.